The Montessori primary classroom constitutes children between six and nine years and is built upon the experiences gained during the first six years, in the family and the Montessori House of children.
The primary child is of still in the process of forming himself but has entered a new realm of development. Now, the child between 6 and 9 is more interested in why, when and how of the things rather than what and where as in the earlier stage. The older child is no more interested in real and ordinary things but drawn to extraordinary things. He is attracted to cause-and-effect and the mystery of their origins. He demands a closer examination of the world and moves beyond the world of humans into the vastness of the universe.
The Cosmic Education
The child in the age between six and nine years needs an introduction to every aspect of cosmic development and achievement of human beings. As he no longer possesses the Absorbent Mind of the younger child, the older child uses his profound imagination to understand the essential ideas of the history of humans and the universe. Using the specially designed materials and activities, the child experiences the discoveries and inventions through the ages and gradually understands that nature is a delicate web interrelationship of which the human being is a necessary part, which Dr Montessori calls Cosmic Education. The child realises that his relationship with the world begets a large responsibility. He must live his life in a balanced and responsible way if he is to preserve and protect all life. The future of humankind depends on the vision and profound realisation that everything in the world depends on everything else.
Like the pre-primary classroom that precedes it, the Primary Montessori classroom is also designed to help the child grow in a responsive, self-controlled environment, without any artificial restraints and within the boundaries of real freedom. All the traditional disciplines – Language, mathematics, history, geography, geometry, botany, zoology, science, arts and crafts, are presented to the children in an integrated manner. Moral education occurs simultaneously with in the social environment, which values the best in human beings –cooperation, mutual love, self-discipline, and love of knowledge.